Journal article/book/chapter

Well-being, health and work

Primary analyses of new data from the Health Survey for England 2010. Assesses links between subjective wellbeing and health, variously defined, paid employment and the quality of employment.

The Returns to Scarce Talent: Footedness and Player Remuneration in European Soccer

We investigate the salary returns to a scarce talent, namely the ability to play football with both feet. The majority of footballers are predominantly right footed. Using two data sets, a cross-section of footballers in the five main European leagues and a panel of players in the German Bundesliga, we find robust evidence of a substantial salary premium for two-footed ability, even after controlling for available player performance measures. We assess how this premium varies across the salary distribution and by player position.

Demographic and economic disparities for NUTS regions in Germany and the UK in the recent past (1990-2010) and future

This article outlines the increase in regional demographic and economic disparities in Germany and the UK. The argument is brought forward that the increasing differences in demographic and economic conditions are both a result of demographic processes that are largely shaped by internal and international mobility. On the basis of the Eurostat regional population forecast and Eurostat regional population data, the paper explores historical and projected interregional differences in population growth, population size and age structure.

Do Salaries Improve Worker Performance?

We establish the effects of salaries on worker performance by exploiting a natural experiment in which some workers in a particular occupation (football referees) switch from short-term contracts to salaried contracts. Worker performance improves among those who move onto salaried contracts relative to those who do not. The finding is robust to the introduction of worker fixed effects indicating that it is not driven by better workers being awarded salary contracts. Nor is it sensitive to workers sorting into or out of the profession.

A Cost-benefit Analysis of Cataract Surgery based on the English Longitudinal Survey of Ageing

This paper uses the English Longitudinal Survey of Ageing to explore the self-reported effect of cataract operations on eye-sight. A non-parametric analysis shows clearly that most cataract patients report improved eye-sight after surgery and a parametric analysis provides further information: it shows that the beneficial effect is larger the worse was self-reported eye-sight preceding surgery so that those with very good or excellent eye-sight do not derive immediate benefit. Nevertheless, the long-run effect is suggested to be beneficial.