Human well-being and in-work benefits: a randomized controlled trial

Pub. Date
17 February, 2014
Pub. Type

Many politicians believe they can intervene in the economy to improve people’s lives.  But can they?  In a social experiment carried out in the United Kingdom, extensive in-work support was randomly assigned among 16,000 disadvantaged people.  We follow a sub-sample of 3,500 single parents for 5 ensuing years.  The results reveal a remarkable, and troubling, finding.  Long after eligibility had ceased, the treated individuals had substantially lower psychological well-being, worried more about money, and were increasingly prone to debt.  Thus helping people apparently hurt them.  We discuss a behavioral framework consistent with our findings and reflect on implications for policy.