The trade dispute between the US and China has not abated. On 24th of September, the US imposed a 10 per cent tariff on an additional $200bn imports from China (which, based on 2017 trade data, is around 40 per cent of total US imports of goods and services from China and about 8 per cent of total Chinese exports of goods and services). The Chinese authorities retaliated by imposing 5–10 per cent tariffs on $60bn of Chinese imports from the US. At the time of writing, the US was set to increase tariffs further from 10 to 25 per cent at the start of 2019.
We continue earlier work presented in recent National Institute Reviews and NIGEM Observations – Liadze (2018), Hantzsche and Liadze (2018), Carreras and Ramina (2017) and Liadze and Hacche (2017) – on the impact of the imposition of tariffs by the US. Here we look at the effect on output in selected countries from the latest round of tariff impositions. As before, we run stylised simulations using the National Institute’s Global Econometric Model (NiGEM).2
This analysis reiterates previous findings that higher tariffs are a drag on economic activity not only in the countries at which tariffs are aimed, but also in countries that impose them, as well as having a spillover impact on those economies that do not participate in the trade dispute. These results, as usual, are based on particular assumptions, including those embedded in our macroeconomic model.
NiGEM Observations is a series of occasional notes published by the NiGEM team on topical macroeconomic modelling issues for NIESR corporate sponsors and NiGEM subscribers.