University and inter-firm R&D collaborations: propensity and intensity of cooperation in Europe

Pub. Date
22 March, 2015

This paper investigates the determinants of firms’ decision to cooperate in R&D with universities and the intensity of the cooperation effort, in relation to the engagement in inter-firm R&D collaborations. Using novel survey data for seven EU countries between 2007 and 2009, our analysis accounts for unobservable factors influencing R&D cooperation forms and addresses the main endogeneity issues. We find that internal knowledge, appropriability conditions and incoming spillovers explain large variation in the probability and in the intensity of R&D collaborations of European firms with universities (and comparably with unaffiliated companies).