innovation

Does intellectual property rights protection constitute a barrier to renewable energy? An econometric analysis

This study uses an econometric approach to investigate the role of IPR protection on renewable energy adoption using panel data of 102 countries at five-year intervals over the period 1990–2005. The Ginarte-Park index is used as a measure of the strength of intellectual property protection while the adoption of renewable energy is measured by the share of renewable energy in total final energy use.

Stranded Assets and Sovereign States

There is evidence that the risk of stranded assets in the oil and gas sector is underpriced in financial markets. Publicly traded Western oil and gas companies are starting to write down assets, opening up the possibility that more rationalisation of value is likely to come. To the extent that large oil companies diversify portfolios to include cleaner energy and carbon sequestration technologies, it could reduce the risk of a sudden cascading change in the stock valuation of these firms and related bond and credit markets.

Tax Policy for Innovation

A large number of countries around the world now provide some kind of tax incentive to encourage firms to undertake innovative activity. This paper presents the policy rationale for these incentives, discusses their design and potential effectiveness, and reviews the empirical evidence on their actual effectiveness. The focus is on the two most important and most studied incentives: R&D tax credits and super deductions, and IP boxes (reduced corporate taxes in income from patents and other intellectual property).

Medium-run implications of changing demographic structures for the macro-economy

While there may be an important, but transitory, cyclical component in the poor performance of the past decade, we will emphasise the secular forces: the impact of demographic structure and innovation. We draw on the empirical and theoretical work reported in Aksoy, Basso, Smith and Grasl (2015), ABSG, about the impact of changes in demographic structure on macroeconomic outcomes. This suggests that changes in age profile not only have significant implications for savings, investment, real interest rates and growth but also for innovation. The size of the effects seems plausible.

Rethinking industrial policy design in the UK: foreign ideas and lessons, home-grown programmes and initiatives

There is now renewed interest in the UK in the potentially beneficial economic effects of industrial policy, that is, government policies designed to influence the structure of output and employment. Much public discussion and debate on this subject emphasises the lessons that can be learned from other countries which have proved in recent decades to be more successful in terms of innovation and the commercialisation of the results of research and innovation.

Migrant entrepreneurship: fuzzy numbers and real impacts

The Centre for Entrepreneurs think tank recently made waves with this report on migrant entrepreneurship. The headlines are striking: 450,000 migrants set up 1 in 7 UK companies, at almost twice the rate of the UK population (17% vs 10%).

Here are some reactions. Overall, this is a welcome piece of work. However, I have some reservations about the numbers. And the report – understandably – doesn’t address some of the big issues where we still need answers.

The wider economic impacts of high-skilled migrants: a survey of the literature

In recent years, the economics of migration literature has shown a substantial growth in papers exploring host country impacts beyond the labour market. Specifically, researchers have begun to shift their attention from labour market and fiscal changes, towards exploring what we might call ‘the wider effects of migration’ on the production and consumption sides of the economy – and the role of high-skilled migrants in these processes. This paper surveys the emerging ‘wider impacts’ literature, including studies from the US, European and other countries.

Exploring the digital economy with big data

NIESR's just published some new analysis of the UK’s digital economy, written by me and Anna Rosso with Growth Intelligence, and funded by Google. This is the first phase of a research programme with roots in the resurgence of industrial policy around the world ...

OECD Economic Surveys: United Kingdom

NIESR contributed a chapter on economic growth, productivity and innovation in the UK, including contributions by Simon Kirby.

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