The Employment Gap in the North West

This report is part of the Youth Jobs Gap research series, which uses new Longitudinal Education Outcomes data to present new insights into disadvantaged young people’s transition from compulsory education into employment. The first three national reports have looked at NEET rates, higher education, and apprenticeships respectively. These national reports have also looked at differences between regions – but differences within the regions are often greater than the differences between regions.

Estimating the impact of Traineeships

Traineeships are an education and training programme that provide young people aged 16-24 with an intensive period of work experience and work preparation training, as well as offering them support in improving their English and maths, to give them the best opportunity of entering an apprenticeship or employment. This report, for the Department For Education, estimates the impact of participating in a Traineeship. It forms part of a wider evaluation of the Traineeships programme. The evaluation includes the following strands:

• Surveys of trainees, employers and providers;

Better Schools for All

There is plenty of evidence to indicate that teacher quality matters for pupil attainment. But teachers do not work in a vacuum. They are employed to work in schools, usually under the direction of supervisors and a Head Teacher who, together with a governing board and officials in local and central government, make numerous decisions about their allocation within and across schools, the resources they have at their disposal, the support they receive, the curriculum they must teach and the way they are compensated.

Promoting Ethnic and Religious Integration In Schools: A Review of Evidence

Religious and ethnic segregation in schools is an issue of concern for educationalists and policy makers because it has implications for equality and for inclusion and social cohesion. This report was commissioned by the Department for Education to provide evidence on how segregation might be addressed by reviewing available evidence on approaches in place to promote religious and ethnic integration in education settings.

Improving Working Memory

This Education Endowment Foundation project was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) with 127 schools participating. It tested two interventions: the Improving Working Memory intervention (WM) and an adapted version, named the Working Memory Plus intervention (WM+). Both aimed to improve the numeracy skills of Year 3 pupils (aged 7-8) who were behind the class average in numeracy by improving their working memory: the ability to remember and manipulate information over short time-frames.

The economic impact on the United Kingdom of a customs union deal with the European Union

In the wake of Parliament’s rejection of the proposed Brexit deal, there have been discussions between the Government and the Labour Party on a customs union as the basis for the future relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union. This option also gained substantial support in the indicative votes held in the House of Commons in late March and early April. Therefore, even if the Government and the Labour Party cannot reach an agreement, a customs union deal is unlikely to disappear from the agenda any time soon.

Establishing the Employment Gap


This report establishes for the first time an employment gap between young people from disadvantaged backgrounds and their better-off peers: disadvantaged young people are twice as likely to not be in employment, education or training (NEET). Looking at the regional breakdowns, we see that in the North of England, the situation is worse. We also discover that, somewhat surprisingly, qualifications can only explain half of this gap.


How schools are integrating new migrant pupils and their families

Executive Summary

Free movement and the extension of EU membership to Eastern and Central European countries have led to a substantial increase in migration to the UK. One result is an increase in the number of pupils who are either migrants themselves or born to recent migrants. In June 2016 the UK voted to leave the EU, and it is clear that anti-immigration sentiments played a decisive role in the minds of many voters.

The Impact of the Introduction of the National Living Wage on Employment, Hours and Wages

In 2015 the UK government announced the introduction of a new `National Living Wage' (NLW) that would apply to those aged 25 and above from April 2016. At a rate of £7.20, this represented a significant increase of 7.5% over the existing National Minimum Wage (NMW) rate. Previous research has generally found, with some exceptions, that the NMW has raised the earnings of low paid workers, without significantly affecting their employment opportunities.

Euroframe Economic Assessment of the Euro Area Winter 2018/2019

This Euroframe Report presents an assessment of the economic outlook for 2019 and 2020 focused on the euro area based on a synopsis of the forecasts of Euroframe institutes, including NIESR. Perspectives for UK and CEEs countries are described in Boxes A and B respectively. In the Focus section, we discuss a special topic, based on work done in the participating institutes. This time, against the backdrop of the progressing recovery, we discuss the evolution of wage growth in Europe, highlighting countries peculiarities.