Mathematical reasoning

The Mathematical Reasoning programme aims to improve mathematical attainment by developing pupils’ understanding of the logical principles underlying mathematics. The Literacy and Morphemes programme aims to improve pupils’ spelling and reading comprehension. Both programmes are delivered to year 2 pupils during normal lesson time.

The Economic Effects of the Government’s proposed Brexit Deal

Read Garry Young's note on the methodology behind this report here.


This report estimates the economic effects of the government’s proposed Brexit deal that was first published on 14 November 2018, and subsequently expanded.

Global Teacher Status Index 2018

The growth of internationally comparative student assessment measures such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), and the annual publication of the OECDs annual Education at a Glance, provides a global perspective of how children perform on comparable educational tests across many countries of the world. Understanding how this performance relates to the competence and effectiveness of teachers has been much debated – with the now famous aphorism that “the quality of an education system cannot exceed the quality of its teachers”.

Brexit and the Health & Social Care Workforce in the UK

Prepared for the Cavendish Coalition for the project:

“Incentivising the domestic workforce and securing clear, reasonable routes for immigration both during and after the UK’s exit from the EU”

Executive summary

Brexit and the UK's Services Trade

New research by the National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR), commissioned by the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change.

Read the report here

Post-Brexit Immigration Policy: Reconciling Public Perceptions with Economic Evidence

Funded by the Leverhulme Trust, researchers from NIESR and Birkbeck explored public attitudes to EU immigration and how people use and respond to evidence on the economic impacts of immigration. Based on 12 focus groups with 105 participants in a Leave voting area of the UK, the report tests out ways of getting people to consider the economic evidence. In addition to survey and focus group findings, the report contains a comprehensive literature review on public attitudes towards immigration as well as on the economic impacts of EU immigration in the UK.

Our main findings are:

Tax Competition and the Pattern of European Foreign Direct Investment

This paper investigates the empirical importance of tax competitiveness for the location of foreign direct investment, focussing on the behaviour of UK and German corporations. We use two annual panel data sets covering their investment within eight other European countries as well as Australia, the United States and Japan, controlling for market size, relative costs, innovation, corporate financial constraints and sector-specific fixed effects. Our results indicate that tax competitiveness has had a significant effect on the level of foreign investment, particularly within Europe.

Employers’ Pension Provision Survey 2017


The workplace pension reforms, introduced following the 2008 Pensions Act (and updated as part of the 2011 and 2014 Pensions Acts), require all employers to automatically enrol all eligible employees into a qualifying workplace pension scheme, although employees can choose to opt out.

Light at the end of the fiscal tunnel? Scotland's public spending pressures

In our accompanying report, Light at the end of the fiscal tunnel?, we highlighted the challenges the Westminster government is facing in providing good quality public services for the people of the United Kingdom at a time of spending reductions. Despite over eight years of austerity, these challenges do not appear to be getting any easier.