A Bayesian Indicator of Manufacturing Output from Qualitative Business Panel Survey Data
Qualitative business survey data are used widely to provide indicators of economic activity ahead of the publication of official data. Traditional indicators exploit only aggregate survey information, namely the proportions of respondents who report "up" and "down". This paper considers disaggregate or firm-level survey responses. It derives an alternative Bayesian indicator of economic activity relating firms' categorical responses to official data using ordered discrete-choice models. An application to firm-level survey data from the Confederation of British Industry shows that the proposed indicator of manufacturing output growth can provide more accurate early estimates of manufacturing output growth than traditional indicators.
Keywords: Survey data, Indicators, Quantification, Forecasting; Forecast Combination