Education and its Effects on Survival, Income and Health of those aged Sixty-five and over in the United Kingdom

Pub. Date
23 May, 2012
Pub. Type

We explore the effects of income and, additionally education on the income,
self-reported health and survival of people aged sixty-five and over in order to
identify benefits resulting from education which are omitted in the conventional
analysis with its focus on labour income excluding employer contributions. We
find, for men, that income after the age of sixty-five is significantly influenced
by educational attainment and has a significant effect on survival. Even after
controlling for circumstances at age sixty-five or when first observed, we identify
benefits discounted to age sixty-five of £170,000 for men with higher education
qualifications as compared to those with minimal qualifications. However, similar
effects are not observed for women.