The wider economic impacts of high-skilled migrants: a survey of the literature

| Publication date: 2 Oct 2013 | Theme: Trade, Investment & Productivity, Exiting the EU | NIESR Author(s): Dr Max Nathan | JEL Classification: G23, G24, J15, J61, L5, L26, M12, M13, O31, O32, R11 | NIESR Discussion Paper Number: 413

In recent years, the economics of migration literature has shown a substantial growth in papers exploring host country impacts beyond the labour market. Specifically, researchers have begun to shift their attention from labour market and fiscal changes, towards exploring what we might call ‘the wider effects of migration’ on the production and consumption sides of the economy – and the role of high-skilled migrants in these processes. This paper surveys the emerging ‘wider impacts’ literature, including studies from the US, European and other countries. It sets out some simple, non-technical frameworks, discusses the main empirical findings and identifies avenues for future research.

Keyword tags: 
immigration
high-skill migrants
innovation
entrepreneurship
investment
productivity
cities
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