Our monthly estimates of GDP suggest that output grew by 0.3 per cent in the three months ending in February, following on from a growth of 0.6 per cent in the three months ending in January. The figure for the three months to January reflects a comparison of the period November 2009 to January 2010 with August to October 2009. The economy was extremely weak between August and October and the January figure is therefore high despite the fact that, in the month of January output was lower than it had been in November and December. We consider that the estimate of the growth rate in the three months ending in February 2010, as compared with the period September to November 2009 offers a better indication of the underlying current progress of the economy. As figure 1 shows, we now estimate that output is 0.7 per cent higher than at the trough of the depression which we currently place in September 2009.
The National Institute interprets the term “recession” to mean a period when output is falling or receding, while “depression” is a period when output is depressed below its previous peak. Thus, unless output turns down again, the recession is over, while the period of depression is likely to continue for some time. We do not expect output to pass its peak at the start of 2008 until 2012.
Our track record in producing early estimates of GDP suggests that our projection for the most recent three-month period has a standard error of 0.1-0.2% point when compared to the first estimate produced by the Office for National Statistics. This comparison can be made only for complete calendar quarters. Outside calendar quarters the figures are less reliable than this and they are also likely to be less accurate in the current disturbed economic circumstances.
A paper describing the methodology used to produce the data was published in the February 2005 volume of the Economic Journal. From April until October 2006 our estimates were computed using the Index of Services published by ONS. However this monthly series shows considerable volatility which has caused us some problems in estimating GDP. From our November 2006 press release we have therefore reverted to using a model of private services output based on indicator variables. This means that, while all our figures for calendar quarters are fully coherent with ONS data, our estimates of monthly private service output are not. The series can be thought of as indicating the underlying value of the ONS series.
For more information please telephone Martin Weale on 020 7654 1945.
Contents of Press Release
Table 1, Page 2: Summary Table of Quarterly Growth Rates showing Monthly Data, 3 months ending in that month, and Quarterly Growth (% per quarter). All contain Figures for Industry & GDP.
Table 2, Page 3: Output by Sector (Industry, Agriculture, Construction, Private Services, Public Services, GDP(B) (calculated at prices excluding taxes and subsidies), GDP
Table 3, Page 4: Output in Quarter Ending in Month Shown by sector (as above)
Table 4, Page 5: Growth in Quarter Ending in Month Shown over Previous Quarter (% at annual Rate) by sector (as above)